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perl5133delta

Perl 5 version 14.2 documentation
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perl5133delta

NAME

perl5133delta - what is new for perl v5.13.3

DESCRIPTION

This document describes differences between the 5.13.3 release and the 5.13.2 release.

If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.13.1, first read perl5132delta, which describes differences between 5.13.1 and 5.13.2.

Core Enhancements

\o{...} for octals

There is a new escape sequence, "\o" , in double-quote-like contexts. It must be followed by braces enclosing an octal number of at least one digit. It interpolates as the character with an ordinal value equal to the octal number. This construct allows large octal ordinals beyond the current max of 0777 to be represented. It also allows you to specify a character in octal which can safely be concatenated with other regex snippets and which won't be confused with being a backreference to a regex capture group. See Capture groups in perlre.

\N{name} and charnames enhancements

\N{} and charnames::vianame now know about the abbreviated character names listed by Unicode, such as NBSP, SHY, LRO, ZWJ, etc., as well as all the customary abbreviations for the C0 and C1 control characters (such as ACK, BEL, CAN, etc.), as well as a few new variants in common usage of some C1 full names.

In the past, it was ineffective to override one of Perl's abbreviations with your own custom alias. Now it works.

You can also create a custom alias directly to the ordinal of a character, known by \N{...} , charnames::vianame() , and charnames::viacode() . Previously, an alias had to be to an official Unicode character name. This made it impossible to create an alias for a code point that had no name, such as the ones reserved for private use. So this change allows you to make more effective use of private use characters. Only if there is no official name will charnames::viacode() return your custom one.

See charnames for details on all these changes.

Uppercase X/B allowed in hexadecimal/binary literals

Literals may now use either upper case 0X... or 0B... prefixes, in addition to the already supported 0x... and 0b... syntax. (RT#76296) (a674e8d, 333f87f)

C, Ruby, Python and PHP already supported this syntax, and it makes Perl more internally consistent. A round-trip with eval sprintf "%#X", 0x10 now returns 16 in addition to eval sprintf "%#x", 0x10 , which worked before.

Incompatible Changes

\400 - \777

Use of \400 - \777 in regexes in certain circumstances has given different, anomalous behavior than their use in all other double-quote-like contexts. Since 5.10.1, a deprecated warning message has been raised when this happens. Now, all double-quote-like contexts have the same behavior, namely to be equivalent to \x{100} - \x{1FF} , with no deprecation warning. Use of these values in the command line option "-0" retains the current meaning to slurp input files whole; previously, this was documented only for "-0777" . It is recommended, however, because of various ambiguities, to use the new \o{...} construct to represent characters in octal. (fa1639c..f6993e9).

Deprecations

Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word

Omitting a space between a regex pattern or pattern modifiers and the following word is deprecated. Deprecation for regular expression matches was added in Perl 5.13.2. In this release, the deprecation is extended to regular expression substitutions. For example, s/foo/bar/sand $bar will still be parsed as s/foo/bar/s and $bar but will issue a warning. (aa78b66)

Deprecation warning added for deprecated-in-core .pl libs

This is a mandatory warning, not obeying -X or lexical warning bits. The warning is modelled on that supplied by deprecate.pm for deprecated-in-core .pm libraries. It points to the specific CPAN distribution that contains the .pl libraries. The CPAN version, of course, does not generate the warning. (0111154)

Performance Enhancements

There are several small optimizations to reduce CPU cache misses in various very commonly used modules like warnings and Carp as well in accessing file-handles for reading.

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

  • autodie

    Upgraded from version 2.06_01 to 2.10.

  • charnames

    Upgraded from version 1.08 to 1.10.

    viacode() is now significantly faster. (f3227b7)

  • lib

    Upgraded from version 0.62 to 0.63.

  • threads

    Upgraded from version 1.77_02 to 1.77_03.

  • threads::shared

    Upgraded from version 1.33_01 to 1.33_02.

  • warnings

    Upgraded from version 1.09 to 1.10.

    Calling use warnings without arguments is now significantly more efficient. (8452af9)

  • Archive::Extract

    Upgraded from version 0.38 to 0.42.

    Updates since 0.38 include: a safe print method that guards Archive::Extract from changes to $\; a fix to the tests when run in core perl; support for TZ files; and a modification for the lzma logic to favour IO::Uncompress::Unlzma (d7f8799)

  • Archive::Tar

    Upgraded from version 1.54 to 1.64.

    Important changes since 1.54 include: compatibility with busybox implementations of tar; a fix so that write() and create_archive() close only handles they opened; and a bug was fixed regarding the exit code of extract_archive. (afabe0e)

  • Attribute::Handlers

    Upgraded from version 0.87 to 0.88.

  • Compress::Raw::Bzip2

    Upgraded from version 2.024 to 2.027.

  • Compress::Raw::Zlib

    Upgraded from version 2.024 to 2.027_01.

  • Compress::Zlib

    Upgraded from version 2.024 to 2.027.

  • CPANPLUS

    Upgraded from version 0.90 to 0.9007.

    Fixed the shell test to skip if test is not being run under a terminal; resolved the issue where a prereq on Config would not be recognised as a core module. (d4e225a)

  • Digest::MD5

    Upgraded from version 2.39 to 2.40.

  • Digest::SHA

    Upgraded from version 5.47 to 5.48.

  • Exporter

    Upgraded from version 5.64_02 to 5.64_03.

    Exporter no longer overrides $SIG{__WARN__} (RT #74472) (9b86bb5)

  • ExtUtils::CBuilder

    Upgraded from version 0.27 to 0.2703.

  • ExtUtils::Manifest

    Upgraded from version 1.57 to 1.58.

  • ExtUtils::ParseXS

    Upgraded from version 2.2205 to 2.2206.

  • File::Copy

    Upgraded from version 2.19 to 2.20.

    Skips suid tests on a nosuid partition. These tests were being skipped on OpenBSD, but nosuid partitions can exist on other systems too. Now it just checks if it can create a suid directory, if not the tests are skipped. Perl builds without errors in a nosuid /tmp with this patch. (cae9400)

  • I18N::LangTags

    Upgraded from version 0.35 to 0.35_01.

  • IPC::Cmd

    Upgraded from version 0.58 to 0.60.

  • IPC::SysV

    Upgraded from version 2.01 to 2.03.

  • Locale::Maketext

    Upgraded from version 1.14 to 1.15.

    Locale::Maketext guts have been merged back into the main module (87d86da) and adds external cache support (ace47d6)

  • Module::Build

    Upgraded from version 0.3603 to 0.3607.

  • Module::CoreList

    Upgraded from version 2.34 to 2.36.

  • Module::Load

    Upgraded from version 0.16 to 0.18.

  • Term::ANSIColor

    Upgraded from version 2.02 to 3.00.

  • Test::Harness

    Upgraded from version 3.17 to 3.21.

    The core update from Test-Harness 3.17 to 3.21 fixed some things, but also introduced a known problem with argument passing to non-Perl tests.

  • Time::HiRes

    Upgraded from version 1.9719 to 1.9721.

  • Time::Piece

    Upgraded from version 1.15_01 to 1.20_01.

  • Unicode::Collate

    Upgraded from version 0.52_01 to 0.53.

    Includes Unicode Collation Algorithm 18 (74b94a7)

  • Unicode::Normalize

    Upgraded from version 1.03 to 1.06.

Documentation

New Documentation

perl5121delta

The Perl 5.12.1 perldelta file was added from the Perl maintenance branch

Changes to Existing Documentation

General changes

  • Octal character escapes in documentation now prefer a three-digit octal escape or the new \o{...} escape as they have more consistent behavior in different contexts than other forms. (ce7b6f0) (d8b950d) (e1f120a)

  • Documentation now standardizes on the term 'capture group' over 'buffer' in regular expression documentation (c27a5cf)

perlfunc

  • Added cautionary note about "no VERSION" (e0de7c2)

  • Added additional notes regarding srand when forking (d460397)

perlop

  • Improved documentation of unusual character escapes (4068718, 9644846)

  • Clarified how hexadecimal escapes are interpreted, with particular attention to the treatment of invalid characters (9644846)

perlrun

  • Clarified the behavior of the -0NNN switch for -0400 or higher (7ba31cb)

perlpolicy

  • Added the policy on compatibility and deprecation along with definitions of terms like "deprecation" (70e4a83)

perlre

  • Added examples of the perils of not using \g{} when there are more than nine back-references (9d86067)

perltie

  • Updated some examples for modern Perl style (67d00dd)

Utility Changes

perldb

  • The remote terminal works after forking and spawns new sessions - one for each forked process (11653f7)

  • Uses the less pager path from Config instead of searching for it (bf320d6)

Configuration and Compilation

  • Adjusted 'make test.valgrind' to account for cpan/dist/ext separation (e07ce2e)

Testing

  • t/harness clears PERL5LIB, PERLLIB, PERL5OPT as t/TEST does (a2d3de1)

  • Many common testing routines were refactored into t/lib/common.pl

  • Several test files have been modernized to use Test::More

Platform Support

Discontinued Platforms

  • MacOS Classic

    Support for MacOS Classic within ExtUtils::MakeMaker was removed from Perl in December 2004. Vestigial MacOS Classic specific code has now been removed from other core modules as well (8f8c2a4..c457df0)

Platform-Specific Notes

  • Win32

    t/io/openpid.t now uses the alarm() watchdog strategy for more robustness (5732108)

Internal Changes

  • Under some circumstances, the CvGV() field of a CV is now reference counted. To ensure consistent behaviour, direct assignment to it, for example CvGV(cv) = gv is now a compile-time error. A new macro, CvGV_set(cv,gv) has been introduced to perform this operation safely. Note that modification of this field is not part of of the public API, regardless of this new macro. This change caused some issues in modules that used the private GvGV() field.

  • It is now possible for XS code to hook into Perl's lexical scope mechanism at compile time, using the new Perl_blockhook_register function. See Compile-time scope hooks in perlguts.

  • Added Perl_croak_no_modify() to implement Perl_croak("%s", PL_no_modify) (6ad8f25)

  • Added prototypes for tie() and untie() to allow overloading (RT#75902) (1db4d19)

  • Adds my_[l]stat_flags() to replace my_[l]stat() . my_stat() and my_lstat() call get magic on the stack arg, so create _flags() variants that allow us to control this. (0d7d409)

Selected Bug Fixes

  • Some work has been done on the internal pointers that link between symbol tables (stashes), typeglobs and subroutines. This has the effect that various edge cases related to deleting stashes or stash entries (e.g. <%FOO:: = ()>), and complex typeglob or code reference aliasing, will no longer crash the interpreter.

  • Fixed readline() when interrupted by signals so it no longer returns the "same thing" as before or random memory

  • Fixed a regression of kill() when a match variable is used for the process ID to kill (RT#75812) (8af710e)

  • Fixed several subtle bugs in sort() when @_ is accessed within a subroutine used for sorting (RT#72334) (8f443ca)

  • Catch yyparse() exceptions in (?{...}) (RT#2353) (634d691)

  • Avoid UTF-8 cache panics with offsets beyond a string (RT #75898) (3e2d381)

  • Fixed POSIX::strftime memory leak (RT#73520) (c4bc4aa)

  • Doesn't set strict with no VERSION if VERSION is greater than 5.12 (da8fb5d)

  • Avoids multiple FETCH/stringify on filetest ops (40c852d)

  • Fixed issue with string eval not detecting taint of overloaded/tied arguments (RT #75716) (895b760)

  • Fix potential crashes of string eval when evaluating a object with overloaded stringification by creating a stringified copy when necessary (3e5c018)

  • Fixed bug where overloaded stringification could remove tainting (RT #75716) (a02ec77)

  • Plugs more memory leaks in vms.c. (9e2bec0)

  • Fix pthread include error for Time::Piece (e9f284c)

Known Problems

  • Bug fixes involving CvGV reference counting break Sub::Name. A patch has been sent upstream to the maintainer

  • readline() returns an empty string instead of undef when it is interrupted by a signal

  • Test-Harness was updated from 3.17 to 3.21 for this release. A rewrite in how it handles non-Perl tests (in 3.17_01) broke argument passing to non-Perl tests with prove (RT #59186), and required that non-Perl tests be run as prove ./test.sh instead of prove test.sh These issues are being solved upstream, but didn't make it into this release. They're expected to be fixed in time for perl v5.13.4. (RT #59457)

  • version now prevents object methods from being called as class methods (d808b68)

Errata

  • Retroactively added the Acknowledgements list to perl5132delta, which was excluded in the original release (d1e2db0)

Acknowledgements

Perl 5.13.3 represents approximately one month of development since Perl 5.13.2, and contains 12,184 lines of changes across 575 files from 104 authors and committers.

Thank you to the following for contributing to this release:

Abhijit Menon-Sen, Abigail, Alex Davies, Alex Vandiver, Alexandr Ciornii, Andreas J. Koenig, Andrew Rodland, Andy Dougherty, Aristotle Pagaltzis, Arkturuz, Ben Morrow, Bo Borgerson, Bo Lindbergh, Brad Gilbert, Bram, Brian Phillips, Chas. Owens, Chip Salzenberg, Chris Williams, Craig A. Berry, Curtis Jewell, Dan Dascalescu, Daniel Frederick Crisman, Dave Rolsky, David Caldwell, David E. Wheeler, David Golden, David Leadbeater, David Mitchell, Dennis Kaarsemaker, Eric Brine, Father Chrysostomos, Florian Ragwitz, Frank Wiegand, Gene Sullivan, George Greer, Gerard Goossen, Gisle Aas, Goro Fuji, Graham Barr, H.Merijn Brand, Harmen, Hugo van der Sanden, James E Keenan, James Mastros, Jan Dubois, Jerry D. Hedden, Jesse Vincent, Jim Cromie, John Peacock, Jos Boumans, Josh ben Jore, Karl Williamson, Kevin Ryde, Leon Brocard, Lubomir Rintel, Maik Hentsche, Marcus Holland-Moritz, Matt Johnson, Matt S Trout, Max Maischein, Michael Breen, Michael G Schwern, Moritz Lenz, Nga Tang Chan, Nicholas Clark, Nick Cleaton, Nick Johnston, Niko Tyni, Offer Kaye, Paul Marquess, Philip Hazel, Philippe Bruhat, Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Rainer Tammer, Reini Urban, Ricardo Signes, Richard Soderberg, Robin Barker, Ruslan Zakirov, Salvador Fandino, Salvador Ortiz Garcia, Shlomi Fish, Sinan Unur, Sisyphus, Slaven Rezic, Steffen Mueller, Stepan Kasal, Steve Hay, Steve Peters, Sullivan Beck, Tim Bunce, Todd Rinaldo, Tom Christiansen, Tom Hukins, Tony Cook, Vincent Pit, Yuval Kogman, Yves Orton, Zefram, brian d foy, chromatic, kmx, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

Reporting Bugs

If you find what you think is a bug, you might check the articles recently posted to the comp.lang.perl.misc newsgroup and the perl bug database at http://rt.perl.org/perlbug/ . There may also be information at http://www.perl.org/ , the Perl Home Page.

If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the perlbug program included with your release. Be sure to trim your bug down to a tiny but sufficient test case. Your bug report, along with the output of perl -V , will be sent off to perlbug@perl.org to be analysed by the Perl porting team.

If the bug you are reporting has security implications, which make it inappropriate to send to a publicly archived mailing list, then please send it to perl5-security-report@perl.org. This points to a closed subscription unarchived mailing list, which includes all the core committers, who be able to help assess the impact of issues, figure out a resolution, and help co-ordinate the release of patches to mitigate or fix the problem across all platforms on which Perl is supported. Please only use this address for security issues in the Perl core, not for modules independently distributed on CPAN.

SEE ALSO

The Changes file for an explanation of how to view exhaustive details on what changed.

The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.

The README file for general stuff.

The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.