Closes the file or pipe associated with the filehandle, flushes the IO buffers, and closes the system file descriptor. Returns true if those operations succeed and if no error was reported by any PerlIO layer. Closes the currently selected filehandle if the argument is omitted.
You don't have to close FILEHANDLE if you are immediately going to do another open on it, because open closes it for you. (See open.) However, an explicit close on an input file resets the line counter ($. ), while the implicit close done by open does not.
If the filehandle came from a piped open, close
returns false if one of the other syscalls involved fails or if its
program exits with non-zero status. If the only problem was that the
program exited non-zero, $! will be set to
Closing a pipe also waits for the process executing on the pipe to
exit--in case you wish to look at the output of the pipe afterwards--and
implicitly puts the exit status value of that command into
If there are multiple threads running, close on a filehandle from a piped open returns true without waiting for the child process to terminate, if the filehandle is still open in another thread.
Closing the read end of a pipe before the process writing to it at the other end is done writing results in the writer receiving a SIGPIPE. If the other end can't handle that, be sure to read all the data before closing the pipe.
FILEHANDLE may be an expression whose value can be used as an indirect filehandle, usually the real filehandle name or an autovivified handle.