Attempts to read LENGTH characters of data into variable SCALAR
from the specified FILEHANDLE. Returns the number of characters
at end of file, or undef if there was an error (in
the latter case $! is also set). SCALAR will be grown
so that the last character actually read is the last character of the
scalar after the read.
An OFFSET may be specified to place the read data at some place in the
string other than the beginning. A negative OFFSET specifies
placement at that many characters counting backwards from the end of
the string. A positive OFFSET greater than the length of SCALAR
results in the string being padded to the required size with
bytes before the result of the read is appended.
The call is implemented in terms of either Perl's or your system's native fread(3) library function. To get a true read(2) system call, see sysread.
Note the characters: depending on the status of the filehandle,
either (8-bit) bytes or characters are read. By default, all
filehandles operate on bytes, but for example if the filehandle has
been opened with the
I/O layer (see
open, and the open
pragma), the I/O will operate on UTF8-encoded Unicode
characters, not bytes. Similarly for the
in that case pretty much any characters can be read.