Attempts to write LENGTH bytes of data from variable SCALAR to the
specified FILEHANDLE, using write(2). If LENGTH is
not specified, writes whole SCALAR. It bypasses buffered IO, so
mixing this with reads (other than
tell, or eof may cause
confusion because the perlio and stdio layers usually buffer data.
Returns the number of bytes actually written, or undef
if there was an error (in this case the errno variable
$! is also set). If the LENGTH is greater than the
data available in the SCALAR after the OFFSET, only as much data as is
available will be written.
An OFFSET may be specified to write the data from some part of the string other than the beginning. A negative OFFSET specifies writing that many characters counting backwards from the end of the string. If SCALAR is of length zero, you can only use an OFFSET of 0.
WARNING: If the filehandle is marked
, Unicode characters
encoded in UTF-8 are written instead of bytes, and the LENGTH, OFFSET, and
return value of syswrite
are in (UTF8-encoded Unicode) characters.
layer implicitly introduces the
Alternately, if the handle is not marked with an encoding but you
attempt to write characters with code points over 255, raises an exception.
open, and the open pragma.