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if

Perl 5 version 20.1 documentation
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if

NAME

if - use a Perl module if a condition holds

SYNOPSIS

  1. use if CONDITION, MODULE => ARGUMENTS;

DESCRIPTION

The if module is used to conditionally load another module. The construct

  1. use if CONDITION, MODULE => ARGUMENTS;

will load MODULE only if CONDITION evaluates to true. The above statement has no effect unless CONDITION is true. If the CONDITION does evaluate to true, then the above line has the same effect as:

  1. use MODULE ARGUMENTS;

The use of => above provides necessary quoting of MODULE . If you don't use the fat comma (eg you don't have any ARGUMENTS), then you'll need to quote the MODULE.

EXAMPLES

The following line is taken from the testsuite for File::Map:

  1. use if $^O ne 'MSWin32', POSIX => qw/setlocale LC_ALL/;

If run on any operating system other than Windows, this will import the functions setlocale and LC_ALL from POSIX. On Windows it does nothing.

The following is used to deprecate core modules beyond a certain version of Perl:

  1. use if $] > 5.016, 'deprecate';

This line is taken from Text::Soundex 3.04, and marks it as deprecated beyond Perl 5.16. If you use Text::Soundex in Perl 5.18, for example, and you have used warnings, then you'll get a warning message (the deprecate module looks to see whether the calling module was use'd from a core library directory, and if so, generates a warning), unless you've installed a more recent version of Text::Soundex from CPAN.

BUGS

The current implementation does not allow specification of the required version of the module.

SEE ALSO

Module::Requires can be used to conditionally load one or modules, with constraints based on the version of the module. Unlike if though, Module::Requires is not a core module.

Module::Load::Conditional provides a number of functions you can use to query what modules are available, and then load one or more of them at runtime.

provide can be used to select one of several possible modules to load, based on what version of Perl is running.

AUTHOR

Ilya Zakharevich mailto:ilyaz@cpan.org.