Arranges to have a SIGALRM delivered to this process after the specified number of wallclock seconds has elapsed. If SECONDS is not specified, the value stored in
$_is used. (On some machines, unfortunately, the elapsed time may be up to one second less or more than you specified because of how seconds are counted, and process scheduling may delay the delivery of the signal even further.)
Only one timer may be counting at once. Each call disables the previous timer, and an argument of
0may be supplied to cancel the previous timer without starting a new one. The returned value is the amount of time remaining on the previous timer.
For delays of finer granularity than one second, the Time::HiRes module (from CPAN, and starting from Perl 5.8 part of the standard distribution) provides ualarm(). You may also use Perl's four-argument version of select() leaving the first three arguments undefined, or you might be able to use the
syscallinterface to access setitimer(2) if your system supports it. See perlfaq8 for details.
If you want to use
alarmto time out a system call you need to use an
diepair. You can't rely on the alarm causing the system call to fail with
EINTRbecause Perl sets up signal handlers to restart system calls on some systems. Using
diealways works, modulo the caveats given in Signals in perlipc.
For more information see perlipc.
Portability issues: alarm in perlport.