=over =item localtime EXPR X X =item localtime Converts a time as returned by the time function to a 9-element list with the time analyzed for the local time zone. Typically used as follows: # 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 (\$sec,\$min,\$hour,\$mday,\$mon,\$year,\$wday,\$yday,\$isdst) = localtime(time); All list elements are numeric and come straight out of the C `struct tm'. C<\$sec>, C<\$min>, and C<\$hour> are the seconds, minutes, and hours of the specified time. C<\$mday> is the day of the month and C<\$mon> the month in the range C<0..11>, with 0 indicating January and 11 indicating December. This makes it easy to get a month name from a list: my @abbr = qw(Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec); print "\$abbr[\$mon] \$mday"; # \$mon=9, \$mday=18 gives "Oct 18" C<\$year> contains the number of years since 1900. To get a 4-digit year write: \$year += 1900; To get the last two digits of the year (e.g., "01" in 2001) do: \$year = sprintf("%02d", \$year % 100); C<\$wday> is the day of the week, with 0 indicating Sunday and 3 indicating Wednesday. C<\$yday> is the day of the year, in the range C<0..364> (or C<0..365> in leap years.) C<\$isdst> is true if the specified time occurs during Daylight Saving Time, false otherwise. If EXPR is omitted, C uses the current time (as returned by time(3)). In scalar context, C returns the ctime(3) value: \$now_string = localtime; # e.g., "Thu Oct 13 04:54:34 1994" The format of this scalar value is B locale-dependent but built into Perl. For GMT instead of local time use the L builtin. See also the C module (for converting seconds, minutes, hours, and such back to the integer value returned by time()), and the L module's strftime(3) and mktime(3) functions. To get somewhat similar but locale-dependent date strings, set up your locale environment variables appropriately (please see L) and try for example: use POSIX qw(strftime); \$now_string = strftime "%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y", localtime; # or for GMT formatted appropriately for your locale: \$now_string = strftime "%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y", gmtime; Note that the C<%a> and C<%b>, the short forms of the day of the week and the month of the year, may not necessarily be three characters wide. The L and L modules provide a convenient, by-name access mechanism to the gmtime() and localtime() functions, respectively. For a comprehensive date and time representation look at the L module on CPAN. Portability issues: L. =back