You are viewing the version of this documentation from Perl 5.24.4. View the latest version



Module::Metadata - Gather package and POD information from perl module files


version 1.000031


use Module::Metadata;

# information about a .pm file
my $info = Module::Metadata->new_from_file( $file );
my $version = $info->version;

# CPAN META 'provides' field for .pm files in a directory
my $provides = Module::Metadata->provides(
  dir => 'lib', version => 2


This module provides a standard way to gather metadata about a .pm file through (mostly) static analysis and (some) code execution. When determining the version of a module, the $VERSION assignment is evaled, as is traditional in the CPAN toolchain.


new_from_file($filename, collect_pod => 1)

Constructs a Module::Metadata object given the path to a file. Returns undef if the filename does not exist.

collect_pod is a optional boolean argument that determines whether POD data is collected and stored for reference. POD data is not collected by default. POD headings are always collected.

If the file begins by an UTF-8, UTF-16BE or UTF-16LE byte-order mark, then it is skipped before processing, and the content of the file is also decoded appropriately starting from perl 5.8.

new_from_handle($handle, $filename, collect_pod => 1)

This works just like new_from_file, except that a handle can be provided as the first argument.

Note that there is no validation to confirm that the handle is a handle or something that can act like one. Passing something that isn't a handle will cause a exception when trying to read from it. The filename argument is mandatory or undef will be returned.

You are responsible for setting the decoding layers on $handle if required.

new_from_module($module, collect_pod => 1, inc => \@dirs)

Constructs a Module::Metadata object given a module or package name. Returns undef if the module cannot be found.

In addition to accepting the collect_pod argument as described above, this method accepts a inc argument which is a reference to an array of directories to search for the module. If none are given, the default is @INC.

If the file that contains the module begins by an UTF-8, UTF-16BE or UTF-16LE byte-order mark, then it is skipped before processing, and the content of the file is also decoded appropriately starting from perl 5.8.

find_module_by_name($module, \@dirs)

Returns the path to a module given the module or package name. A list of directories can be passed in as an optional parameter, otherwise @INC is searched.

Can be called as either an object or a class method.

find_module_dir_by_name($module, \@dirs)

Returns the entry in @dirs (or @INC by default) that contains the module $module. A list of directories can be passed in as an optional parameter, otherwise @INC is searched.

Can be called as either an object or a class method.

provides( %options )

This is a convenience wrapper around package_versions_from_directory to generate a CPAN META provides data structure. It takes key/value pairs. Valid option keys include:

version (required)

Specifies which version of the CPAN::Meta::Spec should be used as the format of the provides output. Currently only '1.4' and '2' are supported (and their format is identical). This may change in the future as the definition of provides changes.

The version option is required. If it is omitted or if an unsupported version is given, then provides will throw an error.


Directory to search recursively for .pm files. May not be specified with files.


Array reference of files to examine. May not be specified with dir.


String to prepend to the file field of the resulting output. This defaults to lib, which is the common case for most CPAN distributions with their .pm files in lib. This option ensures the META information has the correct relative path even when the dir or files arguments are absolute or have relative paths from a location other than the distribution root.

For example, given dir of 'lib' and prefix of 'lib', the return value is a hashref of the form:

  'Package::Name' => {
    version => '0.123',
    file => 'lib/Package/'
  'OtherPackage::Name' => ...

package_versions_from_directory($dir, \@files?)

Scans $dir for .pm files (unless @files is given, in which case looks for those files in $dir - and reads each file for packages and versions, returning a hashref of the form:

  'Package::Name' => {
    version => '0.123',
    file => 'Package/'
  'OtherPackage::Name' => ...

The DB and main packages are always omitted, as are any "private" packages that have leading underscores in the namespace (e.g. Foo::_private)

Note that the file path is relative to $dir if that is specified. This must not be used directly for CPAN META provides. See the provides method instead.

log_info (internal)

Used internally to perform logging; imported from Log::Contextual if Log::Contextual has already been loaded, otherwise simply calls warn.



Returns the name of the package represented by this module. If there is more than one package, it makes a best guess based on the filename. If it's a script (i.e. not a *.pm) the package name is 'main'.


Returns the version as defined by the $VERSION variable for the package as returned by the name method if no arguments are given. If given the name of a package it will attempt to return the version of that package if it is specified in the file.


Returns the absolute path to the file. Note that this file may not actually exist on disk yet, e.g. if the module was read from an in-memory filehandle.


Returns a list of packages. Note: this is a raw list of packages discovered (or assumed, in the case of main). It is not filtered for DB, main or private packages the way the provides method does. Invalid package names are not returned, for example "Foo:Bar". Strange but valid package names are returned, for example "Foo::Bar::", and are left up to the caller on how to handle.


Returns a list of POD sections.


Returns true if there is any POD in the file.


Returns the POD data in the given section.

is_indexable($package) or is_indexable()

Available since version 1.000020.

Returns a boolean indicating whether the package (if provided) or any package (otherwise) is eligible for indexing by PAUSE, the Perl Authors Upload Server. Note This only checks for valid package declarations, and does not take any ownership information into account.


Bugs may be submitted through the RT bug tracker (or

There is also a mailing list available for users of this distribution, at

There is also an irc channel available for users of this distribution, at irc://


Original code from Module::Build::ModuleInfo by Ken Williams <>, Randy W. Sims <>

Released as Module::Metadata by Matt S Trout (mst) <> with assistance from David Golden (xdg) <>.



Original code Copyright (c) 2001-2011 Ken Williams. Additional code Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Matt Trout and David Golden. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.