Current line number for the last filehandle accessed.
Each filehandle in Perl counts the number of lines that have been read from it. (Depending on the value of
$/, Perl's idea of what constitutes a line may not match yours.) When a line is read from a filehandle (via readline() or
<>), or when tell() or seek() is called on it,
$. becomes an alias to the line counter for that filehandle.
You can adjust the counter by assigning to
$., but this will not actually move the seek pointer. Localizing
$. will not localize the filehandle's line count. Instead, it will localize perl's notion of which filehandle
$. is currently aliased to.
$. is reset when the filehandle is closed, but not when an open filehandle is reopened without an intervening close(). For more details, see "I/O Operators" in perlop. Because
<> never does an explicit close, line numbers increase across ARGV files (but see examples in "eof" in perlfunc).
You can also use
HANDLE->input_line_number(EXPR) to access the line counter for a given filehandle without having to worry about which handle you last accessed.
(Mnemonic: many programs use "." to mean the current line number.)